Differences in Immunogenicity Associated with Non-product Related Variability: Insights from Two Pharmacokinetic Studies Using GP2017, An Adalimumab Biosimilar

Antidrug antibody (ADA) development is known to occur with adalimumab treatment and impacts adalimumab exposure. Here, we compare the impact of immunogenicity on pharmacokinetics (PK) across two randomized PK studies of GP2017, an approved biosimilar adalimumab, in healthy subjects.

Healthy male subjects (N= 107 in study GP17-104; N= 90 in study GP17-103) received a single 40 mg subcutaneous injection of the same GP2017 drug product batch. Cross-study PK comparison was performed for log-transformed Cmax, AUC0-360h, AUC0-last, and AUC0-inf, using an ANCOVA model.

The proportion of ADA-positive subjects was higher in GP17-103 (in total 71.1%) vs. GP17-104 (57.9%). Comparison of GP2017 PK between studies showed that the exposure was lower in GP17-103 vs GP17-104, with 90% confidence intervals (CIs) for geometric mean ratios of AUC0-last and AUC0-inf being outside the range of 0.80-1.25. A subgroup analysis showed that in ADA-negative subjects 90% CIs for all PK parameters were within range, with geometric mean ratios close to 1.00.

The differences in GP2017 PK between the two groups are not considered to be product-related, but may be due to currently unknown factors related to differences between the two study populations.