Isatuximab for the Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Introduction: Although new drug classes have significantly extended survival of patients with multiple myeloma, they continue to experience multiple relapses and/or become refractory to treatment. Therefore, novel therapies and treatment combinations with different mechanisms of action are needed to improve the outcomes of patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.

Areas covered: Here, the authors review the published data regarding the development and clinical investigation of isatuximab, a CD38 monoclonal antibody, for treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The mechanisms of action, clinical efficacy, and safety of isatuximab treatment are summarized.

Expert opinion: Isatuximab is approved in combination with pomalidomide/dexamethasone for the treatment of adults with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies, including lenalidomide and a proteasome inhibitor. Isatuximab displays a manageable safety profile, with infusion reactions being the most common adverse events. Isatuximab is currently being further evaluated in combination with other backbone regimens in relapsed/refractory and newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.